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Mr_math
11-19-2012, 03:06 PM
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and venotonic effects of Cissus quadrangularis Linn.




J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Mar 21;110(2):264-70. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

Affiliation
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

Abstract
Cissus quadrangularis, a medicinal plant indigenous to Asia and Africa, is used for many ailments, especially for the treatment of hemorrhoid. The effects associated with hemorrhoid, i.e. analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities as well as the venotonic effect of the methanol extract of C. quadrangularis (CQ) were assessed in comparison with reference drugs. In the analgesic test, CQ provoked a significant reduction of the number of writhes in acetic acid-induced writhing response in mice. CQ also significantly reduced the licking time in both phases of the formalin test. The results suggest peripheral and central analgesic activity of CQ. In acute phase of inflammation CQ elicited the inhibitory effect on the edema formation of the rats' ear induced by ethyl phenylpropiolate as well as on the formation of the paw edema in rats induced by both carrageenin and arachidonic acid. It is likely that CQ is a dual inhibitor of arachidonic acid metabolism. In addition, CQ exerted venotonic effect on isolated human umbilical vein similarly to the mixture of bioflavonoids, i.e. 90% diosmin and 10% hesperidin. The results obtained confirmed the traditional use of C. quadrangularis for the treatment of pain and inflammation associated with hemorrhoid as well as reducing the size of hemorrhoids.

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and venoto - PubMed Mobile (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/17095173/?i=64&from=cissus)

Mr_math
11-19-2012, 03:32 PM
A review and evaluation of the efficacy and safety of Cissus quadrangularis extracts.




Phytother Res. 2012 Sep 13. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4846. [Epub ahead of print]

Affiliation
School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68178, USA.

Abstract
Extracts and powders of Cissus quadrangularis have been used for many years to promote bone and tissues healing, as an analgesic, to treat infections, as an anabolic, and to promote weight loss and weight management. This review summarizes the studies in animals, humans and in vitro systems that have been conducted to determine the efficacy and safety of various Cissus preparations. Animal and in vitro studies provide support for the use of Cissus in promoting bone fracture healing and as an anti-osteoporotic. Several human studies support the use of Cissus extracts in weight management. No studies have been conducted demonstrating that Cissus exhibits anabolic and body building activities. Based on studies to date, Cissus extracts appear to be exceedingly safe and free of adverse effects at the doses commonly used. A wide variety of chemical constituents have been isolated and identified from Cissus extracts, including steroids, flavonoids, stilbenes, iridoids, triterpenes and gallic acid derivatives. However, in few cases have specific physiological effects been related to identifiable constituents. Better standardization of extracts and more well-controlled human studies are required. Copyright 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


A review and evaluation of the efficacy - PubMed Mobile (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/22976133/?i=2&from=effects%20of%20cissus)